Few things are as painful as leg cramps, whether they occur in the middle of exercise or the middle of the night. Despite decades of research, it's still not known just why some people get them while others don't. People with circulatory problems or diabetes are more prone to getting leg cramps. Other possible causes include being sedentary, overdoing a running or jogging program, wearing high heels and taking diuretics or other medications.
Here are some suggestions that i managed to gather on how to prevent leg cramps and i hope it will help some of you out there :
1) Stretch your calf muscles two or three times a day, especially before going to bed.
2) If you exercise strenuously, stretch your calves after your workout.
3) Be sure the sheets and blankets in your bed aren't tucked in so tightly that they constrict your foot movement.
4) Try sleeping on your side or on your stomach with your feet hanging off the end of the bed. This will keep your leg and foot muscles stretched out.
5) Don't wear high heels.
6) Drink plenty of water esp before and during exercise.
7) Don't overdo your workouts - if you're increasing the intensity and duration of your workouts, do it gradually.
How to Relieve Them
Few of us have never had a calf cramp - that awful pain that can wake you up from a sound sleep. What can you do to relieve it?
1) Flex your foot, pointing your toes toward your knee. If that hurts too much, grab your toes and pull them toward your knee.
2) At the same time, massage your calf gently.
3) If it's not too painful, walk around, putting full weight on your heels.
4) If the cramp comes during a workout or athletic event, drink water or a sports drink.
5) Ice packs or heat can help relax the muscles - use whichever works best for you.
6) Quinine is the classic drug for relieving leg cramps, but the over-the-counter remedies were taken off the market several years ago because of serious, even fatal, side effects. Drinking a glass of tonic water may help, but there's no way of knowing how much quinine you're getting that way, since the manufacturers don't have to list the amounts on the label. But if you think it helps, keep it up.
Foundations of Wellness, UC Berkeley Wellness Letter. Staying a step ahead of those pesky leg cramps.
UC Berkeley School of Public Health. Fitness - don't let them cramp your game. UC Berkeley Wellness Letter, January 2002, page 6.